Isolation and Identification of fungi from suspected fungal skin infections in patients attending the Dermatology Clinic at University Teaching Hospital

Namoomba, S.H, Christopher S, Yassa P, Mwenya,  Kwenda G,Kantenga, Ikembo W.J, Kaswa J, Subhashi H, Mwansa J,   Kabeya M.W

Namoomba, S.H[2], Christopher S[1], Yassa P[1], Mwenya[3],  Kwenda G[3],Kantenga[3], Ikembo W.J[4], Kaswa J[5], Subhashi H[6], Mwansa J[1],   Kabeya M.W[2]

  1.  Lusaka Apex Medical University (LAMU), Faculty of pharmacy, Nutrition and Dietetics. Lusaka, Zambia.
  2. University Teaching Hospital (UTH), Department of Dermatology and STIs, Lusaka, Zambia
  3. University of Zambia School of Medicine, Dept Biomedical Sciences, Lusaka, Zambia.
  4. University of East London, UK
  5. University of Kinshasa, Congo.
  6. MGM University of Health Sciences, Navi Mumbai, India.

 Corresponding author:  Yassa Pierre at perets31@gmail.com


  Summary

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the fungal species causing skin infections  among patients attending the dermatology clinic -UTH in Lusaka, Zambia..

Methodology: A Cross-section and descriptive case study        conducted to quantifying the distribution of certain variables among patients with tinea infection which include clinical presentation, age, gender and fungal species

Results: Aspergillus niger was the most common fungal species isolated accounting for 42%, followed  by Cladosporium species 10%, Tricoderma species, Acremonium species and Aspergillus flavus accounted for 5% each while Scopularopsis species, Sporothrix schonkii and Aspergillus fumigatus accounted for  about 2% each.

Most of the fungal skin infections were found to be from the trunk.

Age group of 21 to 40 years was the more affected by the fungal.

Female patients were more affected in the study

Conclusion: Non  Dermatophte  Fungal agents  have shown to be the major cause of superficial infections in patients attending skin clinic at UTH.  These include Aspegillus niger, Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus flavus, Cladosporum species, Sporothrix schonkii, Scopularopsis species, Trichoderma species and Acremonium species.

Afr J Health Sci. 2015; 28(2):146-155

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