Assessment of Pharmaceutical Waste Management Practices in EmbakasI Division, Kenya: A case study in community Pharmacies

Obonyo E.O., Mutai C., Kikuvi G., Marera D.

Obonyo E.O[1], Mutai C[2], Kikuvi G[3], Marera D[4]

  1. Ministry of Health ,Kajiado District Hospital Kenya
  2. Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology,
  3. Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, 4Maseno University

Corresponding author: Dr.Elly Obonyo (B.PHARM, MPSK), Kajiado District Hospital, P.O BOX 31-01100, Kajiado, And


The pharmaceutical waste is of great importance due to its potential environmental hazards and public health risks. The main aim of the study was to assess Pharmaceutical Waste Management Practices In community pharmacies in Embakasi Division, Nairobi County. The methodology was a cross sectional study. Fifteen pharmacists and 115 pharmaceutical technologists were interviewed by use of questionnaires to obtain Information on disposal methods, segregation, treatment, storage and transportation, compliance with standard guidelines, production rates, and waste types. Solid pharmaceutical wastes were commonly generated at 36.2 %( 47/130). Amount of waste generated per community pharmacy in a month ranged between 1-2 kilograms. Common method used to dispose pharmaceutical waste 46.9 % (61/130) was through general waste disposal companies. Plastic containers were commonly used 43.8 %( 57/130) as a means of storing pharmaceutical waste. Transportation of pharmaceutical waste was through Lorries at 53.1 %( 69/130). Approximately 68 % (88/130) of respondents do not practice waste segregation, at the same time 59.5 % (25/42) stated that they do not have colour coding system. Study indicated that community pharmacies did not comply with the recommended waste management standards as prescribed by World Health Organization (W.H.O) and Kenya Guideline on Safe Disposal of Pharmaceutical Waste, 2001(KGSPW). The level of pharmaceutical waste management practice was zero (unsustainable). The study recommended Inventory management; reverse distribution, financial support, training and re-training programmes should be instituted for all pharmacy staff and implementation of the existing waste management guidelines in each location by the regulatory authorities.

Key words: Pharmaceuticals, pharmaceutical waste, waste management, Community pharmacies.

Afr J Health Sci. 2014; 27(1):79-90]

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